How is Autism Spectrum Disorder currently diagnosed?
ASD is currently diagnosed by a variety of behavioral tests including ADOS and ADI-R. There is currently no international gold standard for which test to use. Ultimately, the diagnosis is usually based on the DSM criteria.
Is Autism more common than it used to be?
More people than ever before are being diagnosed with ASD. It is unclear exactly how much of this increase is due to a broader definition of ASD and better efforts in diagnosis. However, a true increase in the number of people with an ASD cannot be ruled out. We believe the increase in ASD diagnosis is likely due to a combination of these factors.
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?
ASD are a group of heterogeneous neurodevelopmental conditions presenting
in early childhood with persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts
How common is autism?
ASD occurs in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups, but is almost five times more common among boys than among girls. CDC estimates that about 1 in 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Is there any treatment for ASD?
There is currently no cure for ASD. However, research shows that early intervention treatment services can improve a child’s development.
What causes autism?
We do not know all of the causes of ASD. However, we have learned that there are likely many causes for multiple types of ASD. There may be many different factors that make a child more likely to have an ASD, including environmental, biologic and genetic factors.
Is autism genetic?
Most scientists agree that genes are one of the risk factors that can make a person more likely to develop ASD. To date, >100 ASD-susceptibility genes have been identified
Nat Med. 2015 Feb; 21(2):185-91
Do vaccines cause autism?